"My scientific studies have afforded me great gratification; and I am convinced that it will not be long before the whole world acknowledges the results of my work."

-- Gregor Johann Mendel

How to Prepare a Research Proposal

The format for research proposals tend to vary with various disciplines, funding organizations and universities. Basic outlines for a research proposal are given here.

Research problem

The research problem should indicate the objectives in clear, simple and compact. The objectives of the problem should be stated clearly and justified. It should make the reader to clearly understand the proposed research problem.

Significance of the Research Problem

The importance of the research problem should be explained. Mainly it should rely on how the results of the problem will help the society or contribute to the discipline in which the research in proposed.

Literature Review

Literature Review should provide the reader with all the prior theories, studies and methodologies on the proposed research problem. The literature review should demonstrate to the reader that the proposed problem was not studied previously and also should exhibit to the reader that the researcher is thorough with works done previously pertinent to the proposed problem.


The methodology allows one how to accomplish the objectives of research proposed. The researcher should clearly indicate the followings: Hypotheses, Research Design, Sampling, Equipments, Data Collection and Data Analysis. The knowledge of these and how they would be suitable to the research problem proposed.


Conclusions should reveal to the reader about the important information of the research proposal. In few cases the reader will start by reading your conclusions, so be interesting, clear, simple and informative. The conclusion will help the proposal to excel from others proposals.


The researcher should include list of important references to key articles.


Make research proposal as interesting as possible.
Always keep your readers needs in your mind.
Include contents.
Write in a way that is easy to read.
Use clear headings and sub-headings.
Maintain continuity with the previous sentence.
Use simple language all through the proposal.
Always check your spelling and grammar.
Try to be professional.
Try to be concise and precise.
Proof read your proposal.
Finally ask an eminent researcher in your discipline to go through your proposal.


Stray away from main theme.
Repeat information.
Broad topic areas as research topics.
Vague descriptions of research areas.