Mnemonics

Greek: mnēmonikós - of, relating to memory

"A device, such as a verse or formula or rhyme, used as an aid in remembering concepts. Named for Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory in Greek mythology, mnemonics are also called memoria technica. The principle is to create in the mind an artificial structure that incorporate unfamiliar ideas or, especially, a series of dissociated ideas by themselves are difficult to remember. Ideally, the structure is designed so that its parts are mutually suggestive."

Mnemonic device

"Gram Positives"

Explanation

Gram positive stain
Stain Purple (violet-blue) because of their thick Peptidoglycan layer.


Mnemonic device

"Gram+"

Explanation

Gram+: bacterial cell wall
Gram+ has:
+hick pepidoglycan layer.
+eichoic acid in wall.


Mnemonic device

"PUNCH"

Explanation

Urease positive organisms:
Proteus (leads to alkaline urine)
Ureaplasma (renal calculi)
Nocardia
Cryptoccocus (the fungus)
Helicobacter pylori


Mnemonic device

"SPACE"

Explanation

Catalase positive organims:
Staphylococcus aureus
Pseudomonas
Aspergillus
Candida
Enterobacter


Mnemonic device

"Eating Contaminated Stuff Causes Very Big Smelly Vomit"

Explanation

Food poisoning: bugs inducing
Escherichia coli O157-H7 [undercooked meat, esp. hamburgers]
Clostridium botulinum [canned foods]
Salmonella [poultry, meat, eggs]
Vibrio parahaemolyticus [seafood]
Bacillus cereus [reheated rice]
Staphylococcus aureus [meats, mayo, custard]
Clostridium perfringens [reheated meat]
Vibrio vulnificus [seafood]


Mnemonic device

"ABCDEF"

Explanation

Diphtheria toxin properties:
A/B-type toxin. Made by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which binds to EF-2 (elongation factor 2).


Mnemonic device

"Some Bacteria Have An Effective Paste Surrounding Membrane Yielding Pseudo Fort, Bypassing Killing"

Explanation

Capsulated bacteria:
Streptococcus pneumonia
Bacteroides
Haemophilus influenza
Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
Escherichia coli
Pasteurella
Salmonella
Menigitidis (Neisseria Menigitidis)
Yersinia pestis
Pseudomonas
Francisella
Brucella
Klebsiella


Mnemonic device

"Some Nasty Killers Have Some Capsule Protection"

Explanation

Capsulated microbes:
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Neisseria meningitidis
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenzae
Salmonella typhi
Cryptococcus neoformans
Pseudomonas aeruginosa


Mnemonic device

"Istanbul "

Explanation

Listeria: motility
Istanbul sounds like Listambul = list + tumble.
Listeria has tumbling motility.


Mnemonic device

"Vibrio Vibrates"

Explanation

Vibrio: motility
Vibrio is a genus of actively motile bacteria.


Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15